No aspirin Eat a cherry

No aspirins
around, grap 20 cherry’s. Theirs lots of research that suggest that cherries
may fight pain better then a regular dose of aspirin.

Interesting
read

The Healing Power of Tart Cherries

Ruby-red tart cherries are the healing fruit. Ongoing research shows the power
of cherries to relieve the pain of arthritis and gout and lower the risk of
cancer, heart disease and other chronic diseases. That’s because Montmorency
tart cherries are a rich source of antioxidants, including anthocyanins
(responsible for the red skin color of the cherries) and melatonin, all of
which can help the body destroy free radicals.

The latest research on the health benefits of cherries is summarized in this
newsletter.

Tart Cherry Anthocyanins Inhibit Tumor Development

New studies at Michigan State University (MSU), which were recently published
in Cancer Letters, suggest that tart cherries may reduce the risk of colon
cancer because of the anthocyanins and cyanidin contained in the cherry. Dr. Mauraleedharan
Nair and Dr. Leslie Bourquin along with several graduate students worked on
experiments that are part of ongoing research on the components of tart
cherries.

“Based on previous observations that tart cherries can inhibit the Cox
enzymes, we conducted experiments to test the potential of tart cherry
anthocyanins to inhibit intestinal tumor development in mice,” says Dr.
Bourquin, an associate professor in food science at MSU. The laboratory mice
can very quickly produce the same type of tumors as humans. Mice consuming the
tart cherry anthocyanins had significantly fewer and smaller cecal adenomas
(colon tumors) than the mice consuming the control diet. The dosage given to
the mice does not translate into a specific amount of cherries for humans. Data
from animal studies, like this one, may spur human clinical trials. Meanwhile,
consumers may have similar effects by eating cherries and drinking cherry
juice.

Dr. Nair, a professor in the department of Horticulture and with the National
Food Safety and Toxicology Center at MSU, has been researching the biologically
active components of tart cherries and their healthful effects for more than 12
years; it’s currently one of the primary areas of his research. “We are
looking for a non-toxic compound for the prevention and treatment of cancer.
Right now that’s an oxymoron, but we will see something useful
eventually,” Dr. Nair says. He believes that a steady supply of tart
cherries can improve the overall quality of life. “Everyone is looking for
the best quality of life.”

Pain is often a big factor in the quality of life and Dr. Nair thinks that the
pain relieving power of tart cherry anthocyanins may have direct applications
in cancer. While the research on tart cherry anthocyanins at MSU is ongoing,
Dr. Nair also has teamed up with researchers at other universities to study the
pain relief of tart cherries (especially as related to cancer). A project at
Johns Hopkins University in which Dr. Nair collaborated with Dr. S. Raja
studied tart cherry anthocyanins in relation to chronic pain. The research,
which was funded by the National Institutes of Health, will be published soon.

The current interest in the health benefits of whole foods, including cherries,
will continue, according to Dr. Bourquin. “It will eventually be possible
to identify the compounds in dietary ingredients that can reduce chronic
disease. We will continue to move in that direction.”

Diet and Disease

While research on the health benefits of tart cherries is ongoing, the link
between some common life-threatening diseases and diet is strong and well
documented. Eating a healthful diet and being physically active can reduce
cancer risks, according to the American Cancer Society. Evidence suggests that
one-third of the 550,000 cancer deaths in the United States each year are a
result of unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity.

The American Institute for Cancer Research recommends a plant-based diet of
fruits (including cherries), vegetables, whole grains and legumes. A low-fat
diet that includes at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily can
decrease the overall incidence of cancer by 20 percent, according to the
Institute.

The case is even stronger with colorectal cancer, for which the main causes are
believed to be diet and related factors. Research suggests that up to 50
percent of the colorectal cancers could be prevented by diets high in fruits
and vegetables and low in fat.

The Power of Cherries

“Tart cherry juice concentrate is wonderful! In six weeks, I have enjoyed
a great improvement in an arthritic knee and I’m able to sleep peacefully for
seven hours. For me, life really is a bowl of cherries.” Marie from Texas

“I could hardly walk because of the pain of gout in my feet. Once I
started drinking cherry juice daily, the pain went away. I have been free of
the pain of gout now for three years.” Don from Florida

“I have had fibromyalgia for about 12 years. Since May 2002, I have been
using tart cherry juice concentrate. It has turned my life around. While I am still
on medication for the fibromyalgia, drinking the cherry juice everyday has
helped tremendously with the pain.” Aggie from Illinois

“I have arthritis and gout. I’ve been taking two separate prescriptions
for these afflictions. I have been using tart cherry juice for about four weeks
and I stopped taking the medicine. I’m not saying I won’t need the medicine
anymore, but it feels great not having to use all those pills.” Tim from
Michigan

Consumers may respond differently to tart cherries; results vary. Some people
feel results within a few days. Others do not have pain relief until they have
used the product daily for several weeks. Before changing prescribed
medications, consult you physician. People with diabetes can drink cherry juice
and eat cherries as part of a healthy eating plan by using the nutrition
information on the products.

Consumers and medical practitioners who have discovered beneficial health
effects from tart cherries can send their comments to the Cherry Marketing
Institute, P.O. Box 30285, Lansing, MI 48909-7785.

Glossary of Terms

As you learn more about the health benefits of cherries and other foods, there
undoubtedly will be new words that researchers use to describe their work.
Listed below are a few of these words with definitions that have been assembled
by the Family and Consumer Sciences Department at the Ohio State University.

Functional Food – Any food or food ingredient that may provide a health benefit
beyond the traditional nutrients it contains.

Nutraceutical – Specific chemical compounds in food, including vitamins and
additives that may aid in preventing disease.

Pharmafood – Food or nutrient that claims medical or health benefits, including
the prevention and treatment of disease.

Phytochemical – Non-nutrient plant chemicals that contain protective,
disease-preventing compounds.

Chemoprevention – Using one or several chemical compounds to prevent,

stop, or reverse the development of cancer.

Designer Food – Processed foods that are supplemented with food

ingredients naturally rich in disease-preventing substances.

Cherries lowers Blood Urate Levels

New research adds to the in vitro evidence that compounds in cherries may
inhibit inflammatory pathways. Dr. Robert A. Jacob with the U.S. Department of
Agriculture Western Human Nutrition Center at the University of California at
Davis and a team of researchers reported the findings from their study in the
June 2003 issue of The Journal of Nutrition. Ten healthy women, ages 20 to 40,
consumed 45 fresh sweet cherries. The results show that all the women had lower
blood uric acid levels after consuming the cherries; the average reduction in
blood uric acid levels was 15 percent. Gout, a painful disease of the joints,
is associated with high uric acid levels. These high uric acid levels also can
indicate future heart attacks and strokes. Information about the study also was
featured in the December 2003 issue of Prevention magazine.

Dr. Jacob believes that the anthocyanins in the cherries is what caused the
decrease in blood urate and that eating cherries may help lower heart attack
and stroke risk. Jacob says canned or dried tart cherries and tart cherry juice
contain the same anthocyanins as the fresh sweet cherries used in the study.
One serving of cherries a day should have some benefit, according to Dr. Jacob.

Pain Relief Never Tasted So Good!

By Tina Miller, MS RD

Nutrition lecturer, Dietetics Department

Eastern Michigan University

Look at the person to your left, then to your right – chances are good that one
of you battles arthritis pain every day. According to a recent survey, 70
million (one in three) Americans suffer from some form of joint disease,
including osteoarthritis and gout. Pain from arthritis reduces mobility and
quality of life. In fact, arthritis can be more than pain in your joints – it
can be a pain in the wallet too! Americans spend over $1 billion every year on
alternative therapies to alleviate the symptoms of arthritis.

Unfortunately, there is no cure. However, there are reasonable natural, and
even flavorful, methods to managing your arthritis or gout pain. Research has
taught us that inflammation associated with arthritic disorders is the chief
cause of discomfort. Foods that decrease inflammation can reduce the pain
associated with arthritis. In particular, the Montmorency tart cherry is a
leader among foods that possess anti-inflammatory properties. Bioactive
anthocyanins (pigments) present in tart cherries are the powerhouses that help
relieve inflammation. As an added bonus, these same anthocyanins may
significantly reduce your risk for colon cancer, the third leading cancer in
America.

How much do you need? While there is no set “prescription” for the
use of tart cherries, most people benefit from consuming two tablespoons of
tart cherry juice concentrate daily. If you’re on a low-acid diet, you can
still use cherry juice concentrate, just be sure to consume it in combination
with other foods, or at the end of a meal. Frozen and dried tart cherries are
also effective for relieving arthritis and gout pain. The key is consistency.
Make consumption of tart cherries part of your healthy eating plan everyday.

With all the wonderful benefits provided by tart cherries why wait. Use the
following list to help you incorporate tart cherries into your daily diet,
starting today:

Tart Cherry Juice Concentrate – Add 2 Tablespoons to:

Lemonade, Orange Juice, Apple Juice or Water

Regular or herbal tea (hot or cold)

Carbonated beverages, such as Ginger ale or lemon-lime soda

Smoothies or Shakes

Milk, Soy Milk, Rice Milk

Frozen Tart Cherries — Add 1/2 Cup or more, thawed and drained, to:

Smoothies or Shakes

Fruit Crisp and Cobbler Recipes

Fruit Salsas (great for fish and poultry)

Chop and mix with 1 1/2 pounds lean ground beef for burgers or meatloaf

Dried Tart Cherries — Add1/4 Cup or more to:

Green Garden Salads

Vinaigrette Coleslaw

Trail Mix Snacks

Oatmeal or Dry Cereal

Muffin and Cookie recipes

Cherry-Oat Cookies

A healthy and tasty treat that even the kids will love!

3/4 cup all-purpose flour

3/4 cup whole wheat flour

1/4 cup flax seed meal

1 teaspoon baking powder

1/2 teaspoon salt

2 cups old-fashioned or quick-cooking oats, uncooked

3/4 cup butter, softened

1 cup firmly packed brown sugar

1/2 cup granulated sugar

2 eggs, slightly beaten

1 teaspoon vanilla extract

1 1/2 cups dried tart cherries

3/4 cup semisweet mini chocolate chips

Mix together all-purpose flour, whole wheat flour, flax seed meal, baking
powder, salt and oats. Set aside.

Mix butter, brown sugar and granulated sugar with an electric mixer until
smooth. Add eggs and vanilla; mix well. Add flour mixture to butter mixture;
mix well. Stir in dried cherries and chocolate chips.

Drop by rounded teaspoonfuls onto an ungreased cookie sheet (or line cookie
sheets with parchment baking paper). Bake in a preheated 350º oven 9 to 11
minutes, or until golden brown. Let stand 1 minute, then transfer cookies to
wire baking racks to cool.

Makes approximately 48 cookies.

Nutrition Facts per Cookie: 98 Calories, 4.5 g Total Fat (2 g Saturated Fat),
13 mg Cholesterol, 67 mg Sodium, 14 g Carbohydrates, 1 g Fiber, 1 g Protein.

Exchanges: 1 Starch, 1/2 fat

Cherry Tofu Smoothie

This smoothie makes a great quick and easy breakfast or other meal replacement
or snack.

2 cups frozen tart cherries, thawed and drained, or 1 (16-ounce) can tart
cherries, drained

1 (12.3-ounce) package light silken tofu, cut up

3/4 cup 100% ready-to-drink tart cherry juice

2 tablespoons honey

9 frozen or canned tart cherries, for garnish (optional)

In a blender container, combine 2 cups cherries, tofu, cherry juice and honey.
Cover; blend until smooth. Pour into 3 glasses. If desired, thread 3 cherries
on each of three 6-inch bamboo skewers. Use to garnish beverages. Serve
immediately.

Makes 3 (1 cup) servings.

Nutrition Facts per Serving: 187 Calories, 1 g Total Fat (0 g Saturated Fat), 0
mg Cholesterol, 132 mg Sodium, 36 g Carbohydrate, 1.5 g Fiber, 9 g Protein.

Exchanges: 2 fruit, 1 1/2 very lean meat

Caramelized Salmon with Cherry Salsa

This recipe combines tart cherries with omega-3 rich salmon; a winning
combination for reducing pain related to inflammation.

1 1/2 pounds fresh or frozen salmon with skin

3 tablespoons brown sugar

1 tablespoon grated orange peel

1/2 teaspoon coarsely ground black pepper

1 ripe mango or papaya, seeded, peeled and chopped

1 cup frozen tart cherries, thawed, drained, and halved (or 1/2 cup dried tart
cherries)

2 tablespoons chopped fresh mint, basil or cilantro

2 teaspoons balsamic vinegar

1/4 teaspoon crushed red pepper

Thaw fish, if frozen. Stir together brown sugar, orange peel and pepper. Place
fish, skin side down, in a shallow pan. Rub sugar mixture over fish. Cover and
refrigerate 2 to 8 hours.

Remove fish from pan, draining off any juices. Place salmon, skin-side down, on
gas grill over medium heat or on charcoal grill 4 to 6 inches from medium-hot
coals. Grill for 20 to 25 minutes or until fish flakes easily. Do not turn
fish.

Meanwhile, toss together mango or papaya, cherries, mint, vinegar and red
pepper. Spoon fruit salsa over warm fish. Serve immediately. Makes 4 servings.

Nutrition Facts per Serving: 326 Calories, 11 g Total Fat (2 g Saturated Fat),
93 mg Cholesterol, 87 mg Sodium, 21 g Carbohydrates, 1.5 g Fiber, 34.5 g
Protein.

Exchanges: 4 lean meat, 1 1/2 fruit.

Information Available

The Cherry Marketing Institute (CMI) offers a wide variety of materials on the
health benefits of tart cherries. You can view most of these on our Web site at
www.usacherries.com; contact CMI to order printed versions of the materials.

Montmorency Tart Cherries: The Healing Fruit, a non-product specific brochure
that explains the health benefits of tart cherries and details the ongoing
research.

The Natural Choice: Tart Cherry Juice, a brochure on the health benefits of
drinking tart cherry juice.

Choose Cherries for Great Taste and Good Health, a new recipe brochure that
shows consumers how to reap the benefits of antioxidant-rich tart cherries.

Unlocking the Health Secrets of Montmorency Tart Cherries – This is a 3-minute
continuous-loop video with information on the health benefits of tart cherries.
Dr. Russel Reiter with the University of Texas Health Science Center talks
about melatonin and other antioxidants found in Montmorency tart cherries. This
video is suitable for in-store displays and for viewing at trade shows. A
CD-ROM with similar information to the video also is available. It’s excellent
for making sales calls and other one-on-one settings.

Melatonin flyer, an 8-1/2 x 11-inch flyer promoting tart cherries. This was designed
for use by retailers.

Juice neck tags – These tags boldly promote the tart cherry’s naturally
occurring melatonin and antioxidants.

The Cherry Marketing Institute (CMI), a national promotion organization funded
by U.S. tart cherry growers, publishes Cherry Advantage. CMI’s mission is to
enhance the demand for tart cherries through market expansion and promotion.
All of the information in this newsletter is for your use. Feel free to copy it
and to circulate it to others.

Philip J. Korson II, President

Jane Baker, Marketing Director

Joseph Lothamer, Promotions Director


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