Calories: Friend or Foe?

Calories: Friend or Foe?

When it comes to energy, calories can be your best friend. You just need to sort through all the jumble of information out there! Consuming the right amount and type of foods will fuel your metabolism and prevent energy dips. Your caloric need does change to some degree every day, but you can get an average that can be a good guideline to follow regarding just how many calories you can eat. Divide Your weight by 2.2, then multiply that number by the corresponding daily activity level:

* Light Activity: (Walking at 2.5 to 3 mpg, housecleaning, child care, golf, working in a restaurant) Multiply by 34
* Moderate Activity: (Walking at 3.5 to 4 mph, gardening, cycling, skiing, tennis, dancing) Multiply by 37
* Heavy Activity: (Walking uphill with a backpack, climbing, basketball, football, and soccer) Multiply by 44
* Exceptional Activity: (Professional athletic training, world-class events) Multiply by 51

Once you have the number of calories you need, your next goal is to pick foods that provide the biggest energy payoff. Fat contains more calories per gram (nine) than carbohydrates, but won’t get your energy levels up and running as much as a whole-wheat bagel will. Carbohydrates are your body’s preferred energy source. Protein can provide energy as well, but your body relies on it primarily for cellular repair and growth. More than one-half of your caloric intake should come from carbohydrates, with the remainder split almost equally between fat (25 percent) and protein (20 percent).

Following is an extensive list of different types of healthy foods and their caloric amounts per serving. Try to make as many selections from the list as possible, to meet your calorie requirements.
Ultimate Energy Foods: Carbohydrates

Bagel, mini, whole-grain (1/2 bagel = 1-ounce)
Bread, whole-grain (1 slice = 1-ounce)
Muffin, high-fiber (1/2 small)
Pita, whole-grain, 6-inch (1/2 pita = 1 ounce)
Tortilla, whole-grain, 6-inch (1)

Cooked cereal, 1/2-cup
Dry cereal, non-sweetened, 1/2-cup
Granola, 1/4-cup

Legumes (1/3-cup for all)
Beans, black
Beans, kidney
Beans, lima
Beans, pinto
Beans, white
Peas, black-eyed
Peas, split

Whole Grains (1/2-cup)
Bulgur, cooked
Pasta, whole-wheat, cooked
Rice (1/3-cup cooked)
Brown rice
White rice

Crackers and Snack Foods
Crackers (6)
Melba Toast (5)
Popcorn, air-popped (3-cups)
Pretzels (3/4-ounce)
Rye crisp or Wasa-type crackers (2 to 4)
Tortilla chips (8)

Starchy Vegetables (1/2-cup unless stated otherwise)
Peas, green
Potato, baked (3 ounces)
Potato, sweet, mashed (1/3-cup)
Potatoes, mashed
Squash, winter (1-cup)

Fruit contains about 60 calories per serving (a small medium-sized piece of fresh fruit, such as an apple or peach; 4-ounces of 100-percent fruit juice; or the amount indicated below:

* Apple (1)
* Applesauce (1/2-cup)
* Apricot halves, dried (7)
* Apricots, fresh (4)
* Banana (1/2 large)
* Blueberries or blackberries (3/4-cup)
* Cantaloupe (1/3 of melon or 1-cup cubes)
* Cherries (12)
* Grapefruit (1/2)
* Grapes (15)
* Honeydew melon (1/8 of melon or 1-cup cubes)
* Kiwi (1)
* Mango (1/2)
* Orange (1 medium)
* Papaya (1-cup)
* Pineapple (3/4-cup)
* Plums (2)
* Prunes or dried plums (3)
* Raisins (2-tablespoons)
* Raspberries (1-cup)
* Sorbet (1/4-cup)
* Strawberries (1-1/4-cup)
* Tangerines (2)
* Watermelon cubes (1-1/4-cup)

Non-Starchy Vegetables
A serving from this group (1-cup raw or 1/2-cup cooked or juiced) contains about 25 calories.

* Artichoke (1/2 medium)
* Asparagus
* Beets
* Broccoli
* Brussels sprouts
* Carrots
* Cauliflower
* Eggplant
* Okra
* Peas, snow
* Peas, sugar snap
* Peppers
* Salsa
* Sprouts
* Tomato sauce (1/2-cup)
* Tomatoes
* Turnips


As with any healthy diet, choose low-fat dairy products and lean meats as often as possible. Choose from:

Low Fat Dairy Products — A serving contains between 75 and 120 calories.
Buttermilk (1-cup)
Cheese, regular or reduced-fat (1-ounce)
Milk, low fat or skim (1-cup)
Mozzarella, part-skim (1-ounce)
Parmesan, grated (2-tablespoons)
Ricotta, part-skim (1-ounce)
Yogurt, low-fat or non-fat (1-cup)

Meat, Poultry and Fish — A serving of lean protein contains 55 to 75 calories.
Beef, round, sirloin, flank, and tenderloin (1-ounce)
Chicken (skinless), turkey, Cornish hen or game such as venison, or skinless duck (1-ounce)
Cold cuts, reduced fat (1-ounce)
Egg (1)
Egg whites (3)
Fish, fresh (1-ounce)
Lamb chops, leg or roast, trimmed (1-ounce)
Pork tenderloin, loin, fresh ham, cured or boiled ham, Canadian bacon (1-ounce)
Shellfish such as shrimp, crab, lobster, scallops or clams (2-ounces)
Tofu (4-ounces)
Tuna or salmon, canned in water or oil (1/4-cup)
Veal chops or roasts, trimmed (1-ounce)

Fats — A serving of fat contains about 45 calories.
Avocado (1/8)
Butter or margarine (1-teaspoon)
Cream cheese (1-tablespoon)
Mayonnaise (1-teaspoon)
Mayonnaise, low-fat (1-tablespoon)
Nuts, chopped (1-tablespoon)
Peanut butter or other nut butter (1-teaspoon)
Salad dressing, bottled or oil/vinegar (1-tablespoon)
Vegetable oil (1-teaspoon)

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